It has ultimate and largely discretionary appellate jurisdiction over all federal and state court cases that involve a point of federal law , and original jurisdiction over a narrow range of cases, specifically "all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party". It is also able to strike down presidential directives for violating either the Constitution or statutory law. The Court may decide cases having political overtones , but it has ruled that it does not have power to decide non- justiciable political questions. Established by Article Three of the United States Constitution , the composition and procedures of the Supreme Court were initially established by the 1st Congress through the Judiciary Act of As later set by the Judiciary Act of , the Court consists of the chief justice of the United States and eight associate justices.
The Supreme Court Rulings That Have Shaped Gay Rights in America
Gay Marriage US Supreme Court Ruling: Recognized Nationwide | Time
Since then, the highest federal court in the country has weighed-in on about a dozen other LGBTQ rights—related cases, which have had powerful impacts on the gay rights movement. SCOTUS's first gay rights case focused on the First Amendment—specifically, how the rights of free speech and press apply to homosexual content. In , Los Angeles' postmaster Otto Olesen ordered federal postal authorities to seize ONE , a homosexual magazine the nation's first , arguing that the magazine's content was "obscene. One, Inc. A lower court ruled in favor of the government and the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals agreed with this ruling.
US Supreme Court rules gay marriage is legal nationwide
Supreme Court sides with Colorado baker who refused to bake a wedding cake for a same-sex couple. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of a Colorado baker who declined to make a wedding cake for a same-sex ceremony. The case — Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd v. Similar disputes have popped up across the U. The decision to take on the case reflected renewed energy among the court's conservative justices, whose ranks have recently been bolstered by the addition of Justice Neil Gorsuch to the high court.
In Obergefell v. Hodges , the United States Supreme Court ruled that marriage is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment , and therefore must be afforded to same-sex couples. The ruling ensured that statewide bans on same-sex marriage could not be held up as constitutional.